借音字对回归名著文本的重大价值(点击标题下载全文) 已下载

作者:王夕河

作者单位:诸城市教育局

摘要:文字是反映作品的重要载体,作品的价值和艺术魅力是靠文字充分体现出来的。万历版《金瓶梅词话》和崇祯版《新刻绣像批评金瓶梅》两个版本的文字存在着巨大差异,到底哪个是原版,关键还得从文本入手,通过版本文字的对比论证,才能得出令人信服的结论。由《金瓶梅》伊始,将版本文字的对比研究同步延伸到《红楼梦》、《西游记》、《水浒传》等名著中,得出了一个惊人的结论:各种名著的后版本对原版都做了无谓的文字删改甚至是篡改,这些文字主要体现在借音字、俗写字和方言口语等方面。借音字在《金瓶梅》等名著文本中具有使用的多样性和广泛性,且借音字的诸多文字篡改,是批书者任意妄为造成的。如果让中国文学史和中国文学批评史更规范更趋完美,就应该弥补这块缺失,借音字这个环节是怎么也绕不开的。我们提倡的古典文学研究和整理的"回归文本",应主要体现在以下几个方面:一是回归版本,二是回归文字,三是深入解读。而借音字则是破解古典小说文字谜团的一把"金钥匙","借音字说"为回归名著文本奠定了坚实的理论基础。

关键词:借音字;金瓶梅;古典名著;回归文本;

DOI:10.16698/j.hpu(social.sciences).1673-9779.2013.04.007

分类号:I207.41

Abstract:Words is the vehicle of the works, the value and artistic charming of the works are reflected by words. There are big differences between words in Wanli version of The Golden Lotus Ci Hua and Congzhen version of Xin Ke Xiu Xiang Comments on the Golden Lotus, in order to clarify the former or the latter is the original version, we should compare and analyze words in the two versions further. The researches on words in different versions began with The Golden Lotus, then The Dream of Red Mansion, Journey to the West, Water Margin, etc., the research result is: all the new versions of works delete, even change the original versions to some degree which reflect in borrowed sound words, simplified words, idioms, proverbs, etc. The borrowed sound words in The Golden Lotus are varied and extensive, besides, the authors of new versions changed the borrowed sound words arbitrarily. We should correct these mistakes including the borrowed sound words in order to regulate and perfect the history of Chinese literature and Chinese literature criticism. The researches on classic literature and the return of original version should have the following studies: to return the original version, to return the original words, to interpret the texts further. The borrowed sound words are the key to the mystery of words in classical literature, the borrowed sound words statement is the theoretical basis of returning great works' s original versions.

 
 
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