男女是否具有平等理性——柏拉图《理想国》文本解读(点击标题下载全文) 已下载

作者:张博;王天娇

作者单位:东北师范大学马克思主义学部

摘要:柏拉图是西方思想史上第一个提出男女平等的哲学家,他的男女平等思想从教育平等、职位平等、婚姻平等以及私有财产平等四个维度展开全方位论述。关于他的男女平等思想,学界一直持有认同和否认两种不同态度。我们通过对《理想国》原著进行解读并梳理柏拉图男女平等的思想脉络,探讨男女是否具有平等理性。在批判否认男女平等思想基础的观点上,进行整理收集,并分析对比不同版本对柏拉图思想的解读。最终,揭示男女平等思想的理论和现实意义,对今天更好地为女性争取合理性地位、更好地实现男女平等提供新的视角和思路。

基金:东北师范大学马克思主义学部项目(2018A110);

关键词:男女平等;相同理性;柏拉图;理想国;

DOI:10.16698/j.hpu(social.sciences).1673-9779.2019.04.006

分类号:B502.232;C913.14

Whether men and women have the same reasonA text interpretation of Plato’sThe Republic

ZHANG BoWANG Tianjiao

School of Marxism, Northwest Normal University

Abstract:Plato was the first philosopher in the history of western thoughts to put forward the idea of equality between men and women. His idea of equality between men and women is elaborated from the four perspectives of education equality, job equality, marriage and private property equality. For his idea of equality between men and women, academic circles have quite different views. Based on his bookThe Republic, this paper will analyze his idea of equality between men and women to explore whether men and women have the same reason. The viewpoints of denying this idea is refuted after analyzing and comparing different versions of the original works. Finally, the theoretical and practical significance of this idea is put forward. It provides new perspective and thinking for gaining rational position for women and achieving the equality between men and women.

 
 
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