正当防卫必要限度的界定研究(点击标题下载全文) 已下载

作者:胡梦楠

作者单位:河南大学法学院

摘要:正当防卫的界限游离于"正当"与"过当"之间,缺乏清晰的界定,是法律上存在的一个较大的空白点。刑法理论界对正当防卫必要限度的界定莫衷一是,司法实践中在涉及防卫行为限度的判定时也常常难以准确把握。文章在阐述正当防卫与过当防卫界限的基础上,深层次发掘司法实践中正当防卫难以判定的原因,有针对性地从司法、立法等层面改变"结果唯一论"。结合防卫行为限度的适当性要求,对正当防卫必要限度认定的条件进行综合性考虑与分析,以此为基础提出建立检察机关提前介入侦查机制、司法审判时排除行政干扰等建议,为正确使用正当防卫制度、公正处理案件奠定法理基础。

基金:国家社会科学基金项目(16BFX056);河南省教育厅人文社会科学基金项目(2016-GH-182);

关键词:正当防卫;过当防卫;防卫限度;

DOI:10.16698/j.hpu(social.sciences).1673-9779.2019.04.004

分类号:D924.1

On the definition of the necessary limits of legitimate defense

HU Mengnan

School of Law, Henan University

Abstract:The boundary of legitimate defense is in between “legitimate” and “excessive”. The lack of clear definition is a big gap in the law. The definition of the necessary limits of legitimate defense in the criminal law theory circle is inconsistent. In judicial practice, it is often difficult to accurately make the judgments involving the limits of defense behaviors, thus imposing strict restrictions. On the basis of expounding the justification of legitimate defense behavior and its boundary with over-defense, this paper deeply explores the reasons why legitimate defense is difficult to judge in judicial practice, and changes the “result unique theory” at the judicial and legislative levels. Based on the appropriate requirements of the limit of defense behavior and the comprehensive consideration and analysis of the conditions for determining the necessary limits of legitimate defense, it is proposed to establish the early intervention mechanism in procuratorial organs and to exclude administrative interference during judicial trials, promoting the proper use of a legitimate defense and the fair handling of legal cases.

 
 
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